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Archive for the ‘Animal Wellness’ Category

You can still vote No in opposition to the Spring Bear Hunt by going to this link:
It’s important to Vote as our side has moved slightly ahead at this point.  Many thanks for the determined Bear advocates out there who found this avenue to Vote after the link on the news page had changed.
Donna DuBreuil
Ontario Wildlife Coalition
Thank you Donna for all that you do.
SUMMER IS COMING:  Thank you Sarah West for this:

HEAT: HEATSTROKE

 

Dogs eliminate heat through panting; however if the temperature of the environment is too hot and humid then panting becomes ineffective.

Normal body temperature is around 38.5C/101.4F. In cases of heat-stroke a dog’s body temperature can rise in excess of 41.6C/107F. Increased muscular effort displayed during excessive panting can also cause a rise in body temperature.

 

Signs of heat-stroke:

·         Panting excessively

·         Anxious behaviour

·         Very red gums turning blue in extreme circumstances

·         Salivating

·         Very rapid heart rate

·         In cases of severe heat-stroke – collapse, convulsions, shock

What to do if your dog is suffering with heat-stroke:

·         Seek veterinary attention immediately as it can be difficult to be sure how serious the situation is and urgent treatment may be needed.

·         Remove the dog from the hot environment

·         Reduce body temperature immediately 

·         Immerse the dog in tepid water, cooling gradually, using either a shower spray or similar.  Then douse the dog in cool water, particularly the head and neck – avoid using ice-cold water; or cover your dog with wet sheets.  Use a fan to increase air flow over the dog as this aids cooling.

·         Allow the dog to drink as much water as he wants in small quantities at a time (if possible add a pinch of salt to the water)

·         Continue to douse the dog in cold water until his breathing starts to settle  

·         Seek veterinary attention as soon as is safe to do so

Please note

·         If using a fan to cool your dog be careful of electric wires. 

·         Do not  EVER throw cold water over your / any dog!

 

If a dog’s temperature is not reduced immediately, heat-stroke can be fatal

 

If you come across a dog in a hot car PLEASE REPORT ASAP ! Find a spray bottle and try to spray dog and also change spray nozzle to you shoot water into dog’s mouth a little at a time Hopefully a car window will have been left open

 

Information from Animal Aid UK

 

Sincerely

 

Sarah West Founder/President

Canadians For Animal Welfare Reform (CFAWR) www.cfawr.org

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Canadian Ambassador World Animal

Good Info from the Whole Journal Blog:  you can join to get their newsletters.

Tick Repellents
Information excerpted from an article by CJPuotinen

Far be it from us to tell you to put pesticides on your dog. But we’ve never heard of a single nontoxic preparation that was effective at keeping ticks off all dogs.  For some dogs, only the potent pesticides seem to keep ticks away. There are, however, some nontoxic products – both commercially produced and homemade formulas – that work to repel ticks well enough to consider using them as part of a comprehensive Lyme disease prevention program.

In 1994, botanist Arthur O. Tucker reviewed the scientific literature on herbs that repel mosquitoes, flies, fleas, ticks, and similar pests. He found that opopanax myrrh (Commiphora erythaea), the myrrh of ancient Egypt, has been shown to repel adults of the African brown ear, deer, black-footed, lone star, and American dog tick. Because opopanax myrrh is not widely sold, Tucker speculated that the more readily available common myrrh (C. myrrha) might have similar properties, but herbalists who experiment with live ticks report that of the herbs said to repel them, including myrrh, rosemary, and California laurel, only rose geranium (Pelargonium graveolens), palmarosa (Cymbagopogon martini motia), which has a similar fragrance, and opopanax myrrh truly repel deer and dog ticks.

CJ Puotinen, author of The Encyclopedia of Natural Pet Care and Natural Remedies for Dogs and Cats, describes an all-purpose repellent that will make pets (and people!) less attractive to ticks and other biting insects. She suggests blending 20 drops of rose geranium, palmarosa, or opopanax myrrh essential oil (or any combination) with three drops citronella essential oil (which repels mosquitoes) and enough vodka, neem tincture, or bay rum aftershave to dissolve the essential oils. Start with two tablespoons alcohol or tincture and add more as needed to make the oils dissolve completely. Do not use isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol. When there is no longer a thin film of oil on the surface, add one cup water, herbal tea, or aloe vera juice or gel. Apply frequently, avoiding the eyes.

To examine more options on ways to keep ticks off of your dog, purchase and download the ebook Ticks and Canine Lyme Disease from The Whole Dog Journal.

Whole Dog Journal Blog

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Animals identified as Sentient

 

FRANCE

Amendment of the French Law – Animals recognized as “sentient”

The legal definition of animals will go from “personal property” to “living sentient.”

Article (Google translate): http://www.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=auto&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ouest-france.fr%2Floi-les-animaux-reconnus-comme-doues-de-sensibilite-2177929%3Futm_source%3Dfacebook%26utm_medium%3Dsocial_cm%26utm_campaign%3Dof_animaux%26utm_content%3D20140415%26utm_term%3Dof_page&sandbox=1

 

Now if we can get Canada’s Powers that Be to actually take their fingers out of their ears….we have been fighting for this for decades!!

Please visit:  https://www.facebook.com/pages/Esdaw-European-Society-of-Dog-and-Animal-Welfare/162090127175643?hc_location=timeline

 

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The many global “Friends of LOKI” have countless stories of their own to tell.  Many are not of dogs, cats, birds and the regular animal companions that we all share our lives with.

Here, submitted by Barbara Ettles Carter, in her own words, is her story about an amazing little Raccoon with whom as she says “I wouldn’t have missed that for the world!”

“CHARLENE”

Charlene, as she came to be known, was a tiny raccoon being baby when she was brought back from a feline hunting trip into the bush one fall day.  Born at the wrong time of the year, likely because her mother lost her spring litter of kits, she was “found” by Buster the Cat.

My husband who was digging the garden in preparation for the next year of planting called out to me to see what had arrived.  There she was, scrambling around at his feet and chattering several volumes of books of stories.  And there was Buster, sitting off to one side, having deposited her at my husband’s feet.

  Looking around, no mother raccoon being could be seen and given that winter was approaching and this little one was way too small to survive on her own for a winter, we agreed that she would be welcome to join our family.  “But only for the winter!”  I admonished.  “No matter how attached we get to her, she is a wild animal and belongs in the bush with the other raccoon beings being a raccoon.  She is not a domestic pet!” I said as I told myself every bit as much as I was telling my husband.

  We took Charlene to our vet, Brian, who gave her some shots to keep her from bringing rabies back to us since we lived in the rabies capital of Canada.  “You shouldn’t keep her,” he said.  “She will climb your drapes; she will eat your furniture; she will destroy your house.”  I reminded Brian that the last time I had taken one of the feline beings to him for an appointment, there were two baby raccoon outside his house, eating and drinking from the dog dishes.  “And where did they come from?” I asked.   “I found them on the road one night; their mother had been hit by a car and there they were.  What could I do?  I couldn’t leave them.”  “And neither can we.”  I said looking straight at him.  “Neither can we.”

Gradually, word got round and people began knocking on our door to see the raccoon.  People began to phone to see the raccoon.  My sister arrived for a visit and she was not so excited to see the raccoon.  She sat on the chesterfield most of the time with her legs pulled under her, looking warily at the little raccoon being.  We had to deliver coffee to her there on the chesterfield and she held the mug up high in the air, seeing that is how we had learned how to hold our coffee too with Charlene around.

  We learned a lot that winter.

We built her an eight by four foot pen in the basement where she spent the nights.  The days, she spent in the house with us.  My husband had surgery that winter and was off work most of the time and I stayed home to look after him.  As she grew – and grow she did with the nutritious food we provided – we learned that when people try to live with a raccoon, it is the person who must change more than the raccoon.  To live successfully with a raccoon, a person has to begin to think like a raccoon.

  She became a little argumentative about going in the pen at night.  And at 40 pounds she was becoming difficult to pick up – especially with teeth that gave warnings that being picked up was not on her agenda.  The solution was to give the teeth something to hang on to that was so precious she would not drop it when we urged that plump little body through the door of the pen for the night.  Marshmallow cookies – the kind with the pink marshmallows on top and lots of sweet coconut – were heaven to that little raccoon being. Another piece of raccoon gold was a grape – to be rolled around in her hand and felt with her fingers until – and I swear she did- until she would smile with anticipation.  Popping it in her mouth, she would hold it there and then crunch down with one bite.  Her little eyes would close with delight as the sweet juices flooded her mouth.  To this day, I swear she smiled!  She definitely was a being.

  But it wasn’t until the spring as we were preparing to release her that I understood fully how I felt about her.  We wondered how much raccoons knew from instinct and how much they learned from their mother.  We took her out for climbing lessons – just in case.  She didn’t need them.  She chose a beautiful maple tree and began her climb.  We thought she would merely go up a few feet and then come down.  Charlene had other ideas.  Up she went – 10 feet, 25 feet, 50 feet, 75 feet, 100 feet and more.  Right to the top.  And there she clung to the uppermost twiggy branches, hanging on and looking ever so like a sailor in the rigging looking for land.  She swung back and forth in the breeze and my heart moved to my mouth.

“Charlene, come down!  Come on down right now!”

  Not a whisper of her chatter as a reply and she maintained her hold.  We realized we had a huge emotional attachment to our baby and we desperately wanted to bring her in for the night.

  “That’s enough, Charlene, come in!”  Still not a muscle moved.  “I think I know what to do,” I said to my husband.  “Be right back.”  I went into the kitchen and came out holding forth a pink marshmallow cookie.  “Look Charlene,” I called to her.  “Cookie! Your favourite.”  She looked down at us and began to descend.  And now we learned something new – raccoons descend from trees head first.  We were convinced she would fall on that precious little head but no – one foot lifted and moved and then another foot lifted from the trunk and down she came.

  I gathered her up in my arms, gave her the cookie and snuggled her tightly.  “I guess she doesn’t need climbing lessons,” my husband said.  The next day was a beautiful blue sky day with puffy white clouds.  Only little patches of snow remained on the ground and we decided to take Charlene out with us while we cleared some of the fallen branches from the garden.  I looked around and she was gone.  “Where’s Charlene?” I asked.  “I didn’t see her lately,” said my husband.  She was gone.

There were little footprints in the patches of snow going into the bush but then they disappeared in the leaves.  She was gone, without a look back.  And a feeling of emptiness was all that was left as I gazed into the woods.  Three weeks later, an early April snowfall blanketed the land.  My husband and I were doing dishes one night and he would look out the window in the back door every so often.  “What are you looking at?” I asked.  “Nothing,” he said.

“Hey!  What was that?”

Drying my hands, I rushed to the back door to look and just as I did, I saw something disappear over the edge of the deck and under, into the space beneath.  “That’s Charlene!”  I shouted.  “She’s back!”  I opened the door and up on the deck she came.   “Charlene!” said my husband.   “Where have you been?”

She chattered – obviously she had been on an adventure.  Despite the door being open, Charlene would only put two feet inside.  And she stayed like that – half in and half out – for an hour.  Finally, in she came and down to the basement she went.  She would have nothing to do with the pen and hefted her big rear end up onto the woodpile, preferring that to the confinement of the cage.  In a few days, after the snow had melted, off she went again.

We had been successful in returning her to her wild ways.  The bush is where she preferred to be.  Brian was right.  She ate our furniture.  She climbed the drapes.  She destroyed parts of the house.  But she also squirmed and chattered her way into our hearts that winter.  I wouldn’t have missed that for the world!

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May 2013 062   My sweet little girl passed and has joined others across the Rainbow Bridge.  Her antics and personality brought great joy and laughter to this home.

 

Now at the Rainbow Bridge……(story) 

Unlike most days at the Rainbow Bridge, this day dawned cold and gray. All the recent arrivals at the Bridge did not know what to think, as they had never seen such a day. But the animals who had been waiting longer for their beloved people to accompany them across the Bridge knew what was happening, and they began to gather at the pathway leading to the Bridge.

Soon an elderly dog came into view, head hung low and tail dragging.

He approached slowly, and though he showed no sign of injury or illness, he was in great emotional pain. Unlike the animals gathered along the pathway, he had not been restored to youth and vigor upon arriving at the Bridge. He felt out of place, and wanted only to cross over and find happiness.

But as he approached the Bridge, his way was barred by an angel, who apologized and explained that the tired and broken-spirited old dog could not cross over. Only those animals accompanied by their people were allowed to cross the Bridge. Having nobody, and with nowhere else to turn, the dog trudged into the field in front of the Bridge. There he found others like himself, elderly or infirm, sad and discouraged. Unlike the other animals waiting to cross the Bridge, these animals were not running or playing. They simply were lying in the grass, staring forlornly at the pathway across the Rainbow Bridge. The old dog took his place among them, watching the pathway and waiting, yet not knowing for what he was waiting.

One of the newer dogs at the Bridge asked a cat who had been there longer to explain what was happening. The cat replied, “Those poor animals were abandoned, turned away, or left at rescue places, but never found a home on earth. They all passed on with only the love of a rescuer to comfort them. Because they had no people to love them, they have nobody to escort them across the Rainbow Bridge.”

The dog asked the cat, “So what will happen to those animals?”

Before the cat could answer, the clouds began to part and the cold turned to bright sunshine. The cat replied, “Watch, and you will see.” In the distance was a single person, and as he approached the Bridge the old, infirm and sad animals in the field were bathed in a golden light. They were at once made young and healthy, and stood to see what their fate would be. The animals who had previously gathered at the pathway bowed their heads as the person approached. At each bowed head, the person offered a scratch or hug.

One by one, the now youthful and healthy animals from the field fell into line behind the person. Together, they walked across the Rainbow Bridge to a future of happiness and unquestioned love. The dog asked the cat, “What just happened? The cat responded, “That was a rescuer.! The animals gathered along the pathway bowing in respect were those who had found their forever homes because of rescuers. They will cross over when their people arrive at the Bridge. The arrival here of a rescuer is a great and solemn event, and as a tribute they are permitted to perform one final act of rescue. They are allowed to escort all those poor animals they couldn’t place on earth across the Rainbow Bridge.”

The dog thought for a moment, then said, “I like rescuers.” The cat smiled and replied, “So does Heaven, my friend. So does Heaven.”

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Various late August 2012 075

         Sunday mornings, I am usually up relatively early, however this morning I chose to roll over, cuddle with Philly , and remain comfortable under the covers.

Philly, is by his very nature a cuddle bum and enjoys nothing less than snuggling under the blankets and getting his belly rubbed, at least until my little three legged terror Zephr decides that she wants to join us, at which point Philly having chosen not to share me with her, gets quite upset with the intrusion and jumps down to run into mom’s bedroom to snuggle with her.

  Zephyr,Piccs and New Videos July 2011 041 by her nature is a little terror as I said, and of course not to be undone by Philly’s presence she has no qualms about walking all over him covered by blankets are not.   Now where is HemiKids November 2012 005  you might ask, well he is laying on his bed at the foot of my bed, content in t he knowledge that Zephyr for now is not bothering him.    While Luna my 11 year old matriarch chooses to remain near my pillow. Quite undisturbed by any of them.

July 1 2012 002

  China, that precious little bunny, has finished her breaky and is surveying her puppy pen deciding on what she wants to now destroy.Kids November 2012 058

   Now you must remember that I decide to get out of bed later than usual.  I am now on my third cup of coffee and drafting blog posts on the Horse slaughter issue.  I am also still in my nightgown, knee socks, faux fur booty slippers and I look like a punk rocker with my hair the way it is.

    So, who arrives looking for his breakfast…none other than…Dec 19 2012 012LOKI.

    Now pretend you are one of my neighbors, envision this crazy lady, standing outside, in her driveway dressed in knee socks, large furry booty slippers, in a blue nightie with a purple ski jacket on, and a large red Red Raggedy Ann Doll in one arm and a large plate of Loki’s breakfast in the other hand.  Now imagine this crazy lady with wild punk rock messed up hair trying to not fall while climbing a 5′ snow bank between her garage and fence, while Loki stands on top of it all the while urging her to follow him into her backyard.  Jan 23 to 26 2013 011

   Well folks, while I tried, it just did not happen.  I often think Loki finds great amusement in my efforts to please him.  Agreed that he has me quite well trained, as I have been reminded by other so often before.

    Slipping my way back down that 5′ ice covered mound of snow, and making it back into my driveway, note I did not drop the doll nor his plate of food, I stood patiently calling him to come to me, which within a few moments he graciously decided to do.

     More interested in seeing me make yet another attempt to climb that icy mound and follow him into waist deep backyard snow, he took a nibble and then climbed the hill once again.   Nope…this is  not going to happen Loki, not with me dressed like that.

Finally he accepted his defeat and joined me in the driveway to enjoy his breakfast, and having now had his belly filled and his full dose of amusement and entertainment at my expense, he happily began to make his rounds, heading down the street to find his BFF’s.

Had anyone told me, back in 2004 that I would move from my well established and comfortable existence in Ontario and find myself  living in Canada’s Arctic with four delightful Northern rescues (note Luna is a rescue from Ontario and moved here with me) as well as caring for, loving and cherishing such a magnificent gentle feral soul as Loki, I would have told them they were nuts.  I would not have envisioned myself in my driveway dressed as I was this morning, providing Loki’s breakfast and entertaining him with my clumsy attempts to follow him either.  Life has become far more interesting….

As my friend Carol said….’quite the visual’ for all to see.  But as I said to her ‘it works for Loki and I’  and truly that is all that really matters.

Here’s hoping you all enjoyed ‘a day in the life of ‘ …….Feel free to leave your comments.

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Published with permission of the author:  Sarah J West

 

 

IS CHANGE IN THE AIR?

HUMANE EDUCATION…and the URGENT call to action!

A puppy beaten to death on a golf course, a pit bull dog pelted with stones, another pit mix set on fire, an emaciated dog tethered and left to die and a puppy found dead after being hanged from a fence are all part of a series of shocking animal cruelty cases in Baltimore, MD.  The abusive acts have attracted the attention of city officials because they have all been committed by children, some aged as young as 10.   This was reported in the June 17, 2010 National Examiner article written by Seltzer. The incidences of animal abuse perpetrated by children and adolescents are not slowing down; they are becoming a rising tide!

 

On Saturday April 17, 2012 Canada Shannon Barry was kicked in the face and knocked unconscious by a stranger in Edmonton, for being gay. Statistics Canada figures suggest young people between the ages of 12 and 22 are responsible for six in 10 hate crimes; the majority of those accused being 17 or 18. According to Statistics Canada, in 2012, hate crimes against gays doubled. Helen Kennedy, Executive Director of Egale Canada, Canada Human Rights Trust said that “Hate crimes are an alarming reality that gays, lesbians, bisexuals and transgendered Canadians know all too well , one that  governments can no longer ignore.” Kennedy said that’s consistent with Egale’s own research and suggested efforts to reverse this alarming trend need to begin in schools. In light of this EGALE hast has started the SAFER SCHOOLS CAMPAIGN.

If there is any one human expression that is indicative of and at the root of the fundamental and debilitating flaws in our society, it is a lack of compassion. The Dalai Lama expresses this best in his quote Love and compassion are necessities, not luxuries. Without them humanity cannot survive. From gay bashing to racism, bullying to animal cruelty we have become a western society hardened and sensitized to violence, left isolated and invalidated by modern technology. Television and movie theatres stream and scream at us with programming and films full of murder, abject violence, fabricated global disasters and callous reality TV shows. Communications with each other as individuals are minimized to heads down texting and voice mails, leaving a complete absence of personal and emotive expression in our everyday contact with friends, family and colleagues. Global TV Vancouver Canada reported in a March 26th 2013 news cast that in the nation, over 10 million texts are sent every 60 minutes!

School shootings are on the rise.  If we recall the tragic events of the Sandy Hook Newport Connecticut school shooting, the second deadliest school shooting in American history in which 27 lives were taken and we can now clearly the parallels between the absence of empathy exhibited by those who commit this type of  violent act  inherent   animal cruelty perpetrators.The website Pet Abuse.com states: More recently, high school killers such as 15-year-old Kip Kinkel in Springfield, Ore., and Luke Woodham, 16, in Pearl, Miss., tortured animals before embarking on shooting sprees. Columbine High School students Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, who shot and killed 12 classmates before turning their guns on themselves, bragged about mutilating animals to their friends

. Dr. Randall Lockwood, Ph.D. Senior Vice President for Anti-Cruelty Field Services, for The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), who has written extensively on the link between animal abuse and human violence, wrote “Those who abuse animals for no obvious reason are budding psychopaths. They have no empathy and only see the world as what it’s going to do for them.”

School shooters generally have a common character flaws:1) a history of antisocial-personality traits, 2) suffer from mental illnesses such as depression or psychosis and 3) tend to obsess about how others, whether other individuals or society at large, have wronged them.
All of these character traits are also to be found in animal cruelty perpetrators and those who committed other violent acts.Ted Bundy Jeffrey Dahmer and John Wayne Gacy are infamous illustrations of this behavior and all presented to police and clinicians as having a complete absence of empathy. Both physical and cyber bullying permeate the fabric of our education systems in the United States and here in Canada. The British Columbia government is so concerned about this that they have launched a PSA campaign and website to combat this “Erasebullying.ca”  The campaign is specifically targeted to children and youth aged 13-18.This concern for bullying  is echoed worldwide had has prompted the introduction of International STAND UP to Bullying Day.  This is a special semi-annual event in which participants sign and wear a pink “pledge shirt” to take a visible, public stance against bullying. The event takes place in schools, workplaces, and organizations in 25 countries across the globe on the third Friday of November to coincide with Anti-bullying week, and then again on the last Friday of February       

Many schools across North America are introducing an Anti-Bullying contract to be entered into and signed by teachers, students and their parents or guardians. This contract created to combat the rising tide of bullying, alone, is a serious and critical indication of a lack of compassion in our children and youth today!

Youth suicides are at a record high as a result of bullying. This statistic contained in a recent British Columbia Global Television news cast reported that 9 young people have committed suicide, in BC alone, over the last 5 years; as a direct result of cyber, physical and verbal bullying.

The United States based website www. bullying statsistics.org states the following: As social networking and online social interaction becomes more and more popular with sites like Face book and Twitter, cyber bullying has become one of the most prevalent types of bullying that occurs between teens. About 80 percent of all high school students have encountered being bullied in some fashion online. These growing numbers are being attributed to youth violence including both homicide and suicide. While school shootings across the country are becoming more and more common, most teens that say they have considered becoming violent toward their peers, wish to do so because they want to get back at those who have bullied them online. About 35 percent of teens have been actually threatened online. About half of all teens admit they have said something mean or hurtful to another teen online. Most have done it more than once.

According to Wikipedia, Forty-nine states in the United States have passed school anti-bullying legislation, the first being Georgia in 1999. The one state without anti-bullying legislation is Montana. A watchdog organization called Bully Police USA advocates for and reports on anti-bullying legislation. In Canada the Ontario and Alberta governments have initiated legislation providing for anti-bullying laws. Ontario laws were enacted in 2012.

While looking at the tapestry of this critical lack of compassion in our society’s youth we have to include the statistics that animal cruelty perpetrators are now much younger than ever before! This fact is confirmed with founder and administrator of the Queen Waldorf Fights Back and Pet Abuse.com websites which keeps track of the most violent and animal cruelty crimes in North America. The founder whose name is not made public for security reasons, said”.  Some of the most violent crimes such as animal tortures are, in my experience, committed by youth.  Since there is a direct link to animal abuse and Conduct Disorders, diagnosis and early intervention is paramount in treating this serious psychiatric disorder.” 

According to the website Petabuse.com Animal abuse is in on the rise in North America .On November 12 the 2012 an RSPCA UK press release reported a rise in animal cruelty and stated that the number of cases of animal cruelty rose by 4% in the first nine months of 2012.

Cathy Kangas a Board of Directors member of the Humane Society of the United State writes in a January 18th 2013 Huffington post article: According to the Humane Society of the United States, researchers determined that between 71 percent and 83 percent of women entering domestic violence shelters reported that their partners also abused or killed the family pet.1

The British RSPCA (Royal Society for the Protection of Animals) stated in a recent press release “Animal cruelty, neglect and suffering are reaching “unprecedented levels“.

This absence of societal empathy among our youth also can be clearly evidenced from one highly significant resource! This the critical study conducted by the University of Michigan  who analyzed the personality tests of 13,737 students over 30 years and say that today’s college students are 40-per-cent less empathetic than those of the 1980s and 1990s ! Their study showed that the most notable and sizable empathy drop spiked after 2000 when social networks such as Face book and MySpace began to expand. These “literally” distant technical environments” allowed people to ionize their own lives and in doing so create emotional buffers between themselves and others (the world).This also creates a sensitization to another’s pain and an emotional disconnect from hurting others and animals.

The continuing evolution of inanimate social media such as Twitter, Face Book, Digg, Flickr, Youtube, Blogger, Reddit have provided a mechanism for transparent and virtually instant communication. However it has also been the significant factor in allowing young people to tune out and keep their emotions at bay, thus creating an ever increasing need for tools to combat this anesthetised communication with its notable absence of empathy.

While the majority of young adults may not come from highly dysfunctional families they come from families, where family time together and communication is minimal.  For so many families today’s economy necessitates that both parents work. Long hours working away from their children increase the ever widening gap between children and their sense of place and belonging. This and the ever increasing prevalence of a society that communicate via the latest smart phone just exacerbates this absence or need for feelings and the expression of emotions.

To find a place to begin in tackling this growing and unsettling lack of, or absence of empathy we must look to the historical and philosophical foundations of early learning. Fredrick Froebel.1782-1852, Jean Piaget,1896-1952, Maria Montessori, 1870- 1952, all well known to early childhood educators, were among some of the most world renowned philosophers of the belief that the primary years in a child’s grown are critical to forming solid foundations for children to grow into whole human beings.

Abram Maslow well known for Hierarchy of Needs model in 1940-50s theory supports this further and remains valid today for understanding human motivation, and personal development. In this Hierarchy of Needs model Maslow clearly outlines the foundations for normal human development and the necessary journey towards “actualization” the fullest whole potential that any individual can reach. In this hierarchy Maslow outlines five basic stages of growth: biological and psychological needs ( food  warmth sleep ect),  safety ( protection order security ect ) Society ( community, family, sense of belonging ), self esteem ( reputation achievements status, responsibilities ect ) and finally self- actualization ) reaching ones full emotional social and spiritual potential. If any one of these development platforms are not nurtured and provided to young children in these early learning stages of their lives in a healthy way; deviations and dysfunctional behaviors are created. When children and young adults do not feel validated and have a healthy self esteem, they lack the capacity to feel empathy. Their sense of being out of place, generally as a result of a highly dysfunctional family environment and an interrupted or damaged up bringing leads to rage and deviant behaviors. Individuals from families like this are more than likely to be the perpetrators of the most violent and deviant crimes and animal cruelty.

The most commonly seen deviant behaviors exhibited by those individuals from a seriously dysfunctional upbringing is rage expressed towards those seen to be those weaker than themselves, other family members and or animals. The Animal Cruelty Syndrome is now clearly   recognized by the American Psychiatric Association who state that this syndrome is serious presentation of a conduct disorder. According to a 1997 study done by the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) and Northeastern University, animal abusers are five times more likely to commit violent crimes against people and four times more likely to commit property crimes than are individuals without a history of animal abuse The link between abuse of animals , generally family pets and domestic violence is undeniable and statistically proven. If we accept that individuals who lack compassion, demonstrated by violence to animals and others have come from seriously dysfunctional role modeling, then it is that early upbringing within which we must influence in order to effect change.

Creating awareness and change in the early stages of an individual’s life must be the premise for the road to creating the foundations of healthy human beings. Therefore the place we must start to create that awareness and change is in the school system. We cannot change the foundations of family structures and their varying modes and models of upbringing for young children. However we can integrate humane education curriculum into our school systems that fosters the foundations of compassion and empathy. Primary and elementary school children spend and average of 30-35 hours of their lives at their school .By providing pre-school, kindergarten children and young adults with exposure to the concepts of compassion, empathy and the humane treatment of all living things; we have hope in counteracting this general lack of compassion in today’s society and influencing a new generation of young adults. This is where we have to begin. The need now for connecting with our children and youth and exposing them to the concepts of compassion and humane thinking, is greater than ever at any point previously in our history!

The early beginnings of this thinking with regard to what we refer now to as humane education can be traced back to John Locke 1632-1704 the Oxford university graduate who helped found the core thinking of western philosophy. A highly influential British scholar and philosopher Locke had a great concern for the welfare and humanity of children and a deep concern for their education and in creating sound minds and bodies. He wrote “For the custom of tormenting and killing other animals will by degrees harden their hearts even towards men: and they, who delight in suffering and destruction of inferior creatures, will not be apt to be very compassionate or benign to those of their own kind.

4 stages of cruelty no 1.jpg          This early and historical recorded concern for cruelty towards animals is further and later reflected in the visual portrayal of the work of British born William Hogarth, 1697-1764, Latin teacher and artist. Hogarth was deeply concerned about the abhorrent kinds of animal cruelty he witnessed on the 16th century working class London streets and created a serious of paintings entitled The Four Stages of Cruelty. Hogarth created the serious with a specific purpose. He stated that he had created the images“in the hopes of preventing to some degree the cruel treatment of poor animals which makes the streets of London more disagreeable to the human mind… the very describing of which gives pain.”

Hogarth believed that the cruelty to animals he was witnessing underscored other forms of social dysfunctions His 4 paintings illustrate acts such as blinding a bird the with a hot object, a pair of cats suspended and hung form a lamppost and a stray dog with a heavy object tied to its tail !

This historical  and visually compelling body of Hogarth’s work and the thinking behind it can be categorically be seen as the first recorded evidence of the fact that animal cruelty is in fact a symptom and reflection of larger abnormal social  pattern and behaviours. By today’s understanding this can described as some form of humane education in that both Locke and Hogarth felt a deep need to influence society and address what they both saw as serious societal flaws .Both Hogarth and Locke drew some form of parallel between society’s mistreatment of animals as a sickly symptom of the ills of society, violence and crime.

These “observations” have evolved into what we now know as The Animal Cruelty Syndrome, a form of conduct disorder identified by the American Psychiatric Association who considers animal cruelty as one of the diagnostic criteria of conduct disorder. Animal cruelty is now known as the signature pathology of violent offenders.

If we look at the roots and history of humane education in its more concrete and originating form we look at the inspiring work of American  George Thorndike Angell 1823-1909, lawyer , teacher, humanitarian and animal lover. The son of an educator Angell was extremely interested in education as a vehicle to combat animal cruelty. Like his historical forerunners Locke and Hogarth Angell had come to understand that in teaching children to show compassion towards animals facilitated the overall development of good character. 

After the end of the American Civil war it was purported that educating and influencing the characters of children was a positive step towards creating upstanding and good citizens. This time in American history was the perfect window for Angell to begin his work with teaching children of all ages, to show compassion. He began his work by illuminating the need to show that animals in the everyday lives of children, the cats dogs rabbits birds and horses ECT, must be shown kindness and given protection. This was the foundational premise for his Bands of Mercy work

Band of Mercy Badge, late 19th century.  Collection of Scotlund Haisley

Angell’s work with the children in his Bands of Mercy organization, founded in 1881, is with no question the early foundations of Humane Education. Angell wrote various short essays entitled “ 12 Lessons on Kindness to Animals “and included such subjects as the kindness to horses and that a horse’s metal bit should be warmed before it was put into the horse’s mouth. Along with this he created short questionnaires in which the children were required to read a short paragraph and then choose the correct answer to the questions .The lessons were sent free to children in the 85,000 Bands of Mercy groups throughout the world. Angell’s long term vision for all children to show kindness and respect for all living things gravitated rapidly across America. Although Angel’s primary focus in his mission for the children who joined his Bands of Mercy groups, was to deal with individual acts of cruelty inflicted on the animals present in the everyday lives of the children, his vision for sowing the seeds of kindness and compassion could not reach the institutionalized  cruelty of industries such as Fur farms.

Angell was devoted to animals. In 1868 he worked tirelessly to achieve Massachusetts’s first general anti-cruelty legislation. This was as a result of learning that two horses and been brutally raced for 40 miles over rough terrain and then dropped dead. He was horrified!

In 1889 Angell founded the American Humane Education Society He was also the founder of the then ground breaking publication dedicated to animal welfare “ “Our Dumb Animals” Over 25,000 copies were distributed The mission statement for the publication was “To speak for those who cannot speak for themselves.”

Sadly the onset of World War IIwas the key cause for the disbanding of Angell’s Bands of Mercy Groups. Children, their families and society had a far greater and pressing focus. Another key factor affecting the demise of the Bands of Mercy was that Angell’s’ work was not integrated into and institutionalised by the education systems at that time.

The definition of the word “humane” as defined by the Merriam Webster dictionary is“To be marked by compassion, sympathy, or consideration for humans or animalsIt is the word humane that best embodies the kinds of curriculum and education we need to offer in the schools and that will instill, inspire and create a sense of compassion in children and our youth  And from the words of the father of humane education George T Angell we must work at the roots!

A great deal has changed since the times and life of George Angell and his Bands of Mercy. We live in a radically different socioeconomic climate. We live in a society flooded with new technology I Pads and Tablets, communications that are dulled by the white noise of advertising, movies, and the daily Tweeting onslaught of celebrity’s lifestyles and fall outs. Our family lives are harried and fragmented by the need to work harder and longer, driven by a general and rising increased cost of living.

Eden Wood 1

Since the brief but global Spice Girls phenomenon young girls have been sexualized far too early .Young children from ages as early as 5 years are exposed to behaviours, clothing and ideas far too emotionally mature for their intellectual abilities to handle. Misguided parents paint, dress up and parade their little girls teaching them to pout and sway their hips in the hopes of becoming the next child beauty pageant queen. Advertisers and their ever watchful eye have now indentified a new “Tweenie” market to peddle princess wear, jewellery, make up and even cell phones!

         We are now seeing an ever increasing need for counselling and support for our young solders, witness to the most heinous acts of barbarism while away from their homes. Daily we hear about one politician or another found guilty of corruption. We watch the news and hear about yet another child abuse or kidnapping, suicide, hostage taking, homicide, or another case of heinous animal cruelty!  Our minds become numb, sensitised to all the violence, so we just change channels and munch on our potatoes chips .With all this coming at us like a battering ram how can we be expected to take time talk to our children about our humanity and the need for compassion, kindness and empathy in our lives? We can’t.

          While this sadly tragic snapshot of western life is debilitating, we can draw strength from the very early roots of humane education. While George Angell’s pioneer vision did not survive for very long, those roots were nurtured and kept alive through the work of others who came after him. In 1915 inspired by Dr. William O’Stillmanleader of the AHA’s, American Humane Association, “Be Kind to Animals Week “was founded. During this week, visits to local schools were made to promote the development of humane education and to publicize the good works of the nation’s humane societies. Be kind to Animals Week” is still an annual event, hosted by the American Humane Society.

         World Animal Day, founded in Florence Italy in 1931 was created by a group of compassionate ecologists whose mission was to celebrate the October 4th 1182 birthday of Italian Saint Francis of Assisi who loved all animals. World Animal Day is still celebrated annually all over the world.  There are now ambassadors in over 60 countries who speak out and for World Animal Day and the need to show compassion to all sentient non human beings.

          Our world today is vastly different of the world lived in by George Angell and as a society we are deeply flawed and in trouble. However with regard to the “intervention” if you like of our children and youth there is hope. Humane education today is quite different in its presentations than that of George Angell but it is slowly growing as a much needed focus. Change is in the air.

Founded in 1948 by Anna C  Brigs The National Humane Education Society (NHES),  based in  Charles Town, West Virginia, is a non profit animal welfare organization Their mission is to foster a sentiment of kindness to animals in children and adults. As well as rescue, relief assistance for animals and adoption services, they also provide educational presentations to all ages of individuals through their Humane Education & Advocacy Department.

            From Wikipedia the Institute for Humane Studies founded in 1961 in Menlo Park, California by F. A. Harper was created in order to promote peace, prosperity, and social harmony by fostering a greater understanding of human affairs and freedom. The institute offers scholarships and programs to all those in pursuit of a better world through education and training. Founded in 1996 by Zoe Wiel and based in Surry ME The Institute of Humane Education offered the first ever Humane Education training and continues to offer professional development , online training , workshops and presentations to teachers, students and the public. Ms. Wiel’s book The Power and Promise of Humane Education   is a must have resource for anyone in this field. Ms Wiel stated in an interview with TREE HUGGER, that humane education must be infused as regular curricula into all schools throughout the United States and that at present only a handful of states provide for some humane education; in a limited number of schools. The Institute of Humane Education is a non profit organization and dedicated to making a better world through humane education, creating and inspiring a respect and reverence for all living things, animals, our environment and each other

          Teach Kind an initiative created by PETA, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals also offers human education resources and free materials for humane education teachers who wish to bring this kind of humane thinking to primary and elementary school children. Susan Hargreaves of Earth Save Miami has been spearheading an effort to get humane education into Florida schools. She’s been successful at introducing these issues into countless classrooms, reaching individuals ranging from ages 5 to 20 and approximately over 4,500 children. Earth Save promotes the values ofinspiring compassion and love, stimulates critical thinking ,provides factual information and offers positive lifestyle choices. Efforts to have humane education integrated into regular school curriculums are far greater in the United Sates, than in Canada.

In Canada all human education in left up to the animal welfare organizations to provide Canada has no dedicated institute or organization and this must change. While both the British Columbia and Ontario SPCA probably have the strongest and greatest wealth of humane education materials and resources it is not or ever will be enough. The Canadian Federation of Humane Societies CFHS offers a wonderful Humane Education kit that can be purchased on line for $25 .This is an invaluable resource for those individuals and teachers interested in bringing humane education concepts to their students Canada however does not offer any certified training as a Humane Educator. Anyone interested this field must pursue this through the US based Institute of Humane Education and The Humane Society of the United States University.

In 1996 Canadian Mary Gordon, educator, author, child advocate and parenting expert recognized internationally as an award-winning social , entrepreneur created the initial curriculum for her Roots of Empathy and began piloting the program in Toronto. In 2000 she established the national and international organization Roots of Empathy, which now offers programs in every province of Canada, New Zealand, the USA, the Isle of Man, the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, England, Wales, Scotland, and Germany. Ms Gordon’s program allows young people to be introduced to a young baby and their family. Throughout the school year the children get to know the baby and watch their growth while seeing and taking about the baby’s expressions, progress and feelings. Though these experiences the children are exposed to how the baby and its family express their fear, sadness and joy. This is possibly the only and current humane education type program that is universally offered throughout Canada.

          When we think of humane education we automatically think of animals. To see why we think this we can start by remembering George Angell who knew by connecting the children at that time with animals, the strays, pets and farm animals in their everyday lives, he could offer the children an experience of relating to a living sentient being who showed feelings and actions., from the kinds of animals that that they could easily associate with.

          The same premise for the foundations of Angell’s “humane education”: is even truer today. We need only look at the statistics provided by the American Pet Products Association to confirm this and see how great the importance is of the animals (pets) in our lives are to us and the love we have for them. In the US alone here are approximately 78.2 million owned dogs and approximately 86.4 million owned cats. In 2012 in the US according to the association Americans   spent, $53.33 billion spent on their pets! There are no concrete statistics for the number of dog and cat owners in Canada.

We consider our pets our family. The use of the term “companion animal” is used globally. We have funeral services, birthday parties with cakes and presents, spa treatments and day care for our pets, therefore it continues to make the best sense to introduce our children and youth to the concepts and ideals of humane education though the inter-actional experiences with our animal friends.

When conventional therapy is unable to reach a child, animals and their unconditional love, trust, patience and support are used to assist in healing and to reach goals, The PAWWS to Heal non profit organization based in Madison Wisconsin is specially designed for this and matches up certified pet therapy animals with children who have challenges. Another clear example of an animal’s power to heal and teach the world about compassion are the programmes in which inmates are matched up with dogs who need training and socialization so they may become more easily adopted. Two such successful programs are two US based Paws on Parole and Prison Pups. In both programmes one inmate is assigned to one special chosen dog for several months. During this time the inmates live with that dog 24/7 feed, sleep, exercise and work with that dog. During the time that the inmates work with the dog their behaviour changes. They become more open to talking about feelings and for many inmates it is the first time that have learned to love something sentient. It is life changing for both the dogs and their inmate partners. Each gives and receives unconditional love to the other. This is humane education in another form.

Our companion Animals are part of our everyday lives. They guide the sight disadvantaged, those of us who are disabled or traumatised and greet us when we arrive home tired and stressed  from work .Animals are gifts to our world  and can show us the way to being compassionate.

As young people mature other aspects of the thinking at the core of humane education, a respect and reference for our environment and each other can be introduced.  As an example while on a walk with a group of Kindergarten children we can talk about the “happiness” shown by the dog running in the park and the love shown towards them by their guardian We can take care walking not to break branches, or tread on the ants crossing the concrete in front of us, or disturb the butterfly we see poised motionless on a nearby flower.

While humane education in its broadest sense is concerned with the wider picture of instilling and inspiring an accountability reference and respect for all living things, our environment and each other, animals are the initial and only way to introduce our young children and youth to these concepts.

Animals suffer silently in the industrialized cruelty of factory farming, scientific research, are hunted, trapped and skinned for their fur. These brutal truths are too raw and barbaric to bring into the lives of our young children. However to create a new society of compassionate young adults, who will care about these issues  our environment and each other, we must start in a place that is safe and recognizable with both our children and their families , with the animals we see on a daily basis. Looking into the eyes of an animal is our first window into the world of another.

On April 2nd of this year the Huffington Post reported this story of animal cruelty. Last week, in Monteo North Carolina a group of kids approached Jackson a black and white stray cat, threw him into the air, ran over him with their bikes and squirted energy drinks in his face. The bullies reportedly varied in age were from 5 to 13! While yet further evidence that animal cruelty abusers are getting younger, one remarkable and courageous action stands out! While highlighting this heinous animal abuse, action by another child gives us a glimmer of hope. A young boy called Wendell Overton 10 yrs old saw what was going on shouted at the group of bullies, ran over and scooped up Jackson ( as he has now been named) in his arms.

He took him home to his Mother who called the Outer Banks SPCA. Jackson is now recovering at the SPCA and will be up for adoption when his injuries are healed. Wendell has been receiving cards and letters of thanks from all over the state, for his act of compassion and courage, in saving this little cat. This compassion is what we want to instill and inspire in all our children and youth

          While traditionally and historically humane education has originated and remained in the hands of the animal shelters, humane societies and SPCA branches, this categorically cannot be allowed to continue! They are overburdened enough in their key mission to rescue, shelter, rehabilitate and re-home animals and by their very nature and size cannot in any way meet the needs of reaching all our children and youth .Humane education MUST first be acknowledged by our governments, teaching intuitions and the public as paramount to raising healthy whole compassionate young adults And further that the only concrete method in creating this foundation, is by providing human education curriculum via integration into our school systems throughout North America.

When we take a careful look at our society of young people anesthetised by modern technology, forced to dilute and keep their feelings at bay, the violence and disarray in our current daily lives; our only hope for change is to “talk” to the youngest members of our new generation. Yes change is in the air..However we have a very long journey in front of us.

          Taken from the Massachusetts SPCA website; from the father of humane education George Angell’s collection of quotes  “I am sometimes asked, “Why do you spend so much time and money talking about kindness to animals when there is so much cruelty to men?? I answer: I am working at the roots’

Small changes may be evolving, but this is where we must begin and we must act now!

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COPYRIGHT (SJW) Sarah J. West Founder CFAWR Canadians for Animal Welfare Reform. Victoria BC Canada Canadian Ambassador World Animal day

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Having had many discussions with a delightfully intelligent individual very much concerned about what is going on with the Doberman Pinscher, note this individuals expertise is with these amazing canines, also please note that he and I became friends while he was within Canada and a co-worker….I have been contacted and asked to get this petition ‘Out There’.

Once you link into the Petition below, you will be able to translate to the language of your choice.

Everywhere around the world there are unscrupulous breeders, backyard breeders and puppy mills.  We are all aware of that.  Innocent pups are born with severe health defects every day, and the unsuspecting individual who chooses to adopt or purchase one of these pups faces the agony ahead..watching their beloved pet become gravely ill and meeting an all too early death.

Please support this petition and send to all you can.

Thank you for your support.

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https://www.openpetition.de/petition/online/ja-zur-jaehrlichen-herzuntersuchung-der-dobermaenner

YES, the annual cardiac examination of the Dobermans!

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Annual cardiac examination (Kardiotest: ultrasound and / or 24-hour Holter ECG) should be made mandatory for all breeders!

Justification:

58% of Dobermans ill / dying Formerly known or later in your life DCM (dilated cardiomyopathy) We would like to draw attention to the massive abuses in the Doberman breed and make a difference.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fEyO40FgguI

 

 

 

 

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The “Five Freedoms” are contained in the BC SPCA Charter and express the dedication of the BC SPCA  ensuring that all animals are healthy, happy and cared for.

Five Part series:  Part 3
    “Freedom from emotional distress – By ensuring conditions and treatment which avoid mental suffering”

“The PCA Act defines Distress as follows:  if an animal is:
a)    Deprived of adequate food, water or shelter,July 23 2012 015
b)    Injured, in pain, sick or suffering
c)    Abused or neglected”

By Definition, the terms:
“Well-Being includes both emotional and physical health”.

“Physical Well Being: the animal is free from clinical symptoms of disease and does not show evidence of current or old injuries left untreated;
Emotional Well-Being:  the animal shows evidence of normal behaviour and an absence of abnormal behaviour (specific to the species).”

All animals will and do suffer extreme stress, just as do humans, when their basic needs are withheld from them. Just as in humans, physical and mental trauma, food/water deprivation, and their surrounding environment play a key role in the emotional and physical well-being of an animal.

Animals respond very much the same way that humans do to their surroundings and to the way they are treated.  Those that are abused, beaten, tortured and abandoned experience fear, despair, hopelessness and worst of all pain.  Pain not only from the physical but emotionally as well.  While physical scars may heal in time, the memories of their abuse, neglect and mistreatment remain.  Anyone who has rescued/adopted a severely battered or neglected animal knows this.  My own canine companions are clear evidence of  the emotional suffering they endured.

Animals also experience joy, contentment, enthusiasm, curiousity and playfulness.  As the Pack Leader, the Alpha in your home, your dog looks  to you for guidance, interaction, education, comfort and protection.  If injured or frightened he/she will come to you for comfort and help,  happy to see you when you come home, the excitement is evident in tail wagging and displays of affection;  grabbing the leash or jingling the car keys and you are witness to an explosion of enthusiasm;  throw a ball, walk, run, play tug of war and experience the exuberance of your own youth and that of your companion.  Cats while often aloof, will snuggle up content and the purring begins.

Animals also experience the pain of losing a loved one.  Devoted dogs and cats have been known to ‘pine away’ at the death of a beloved owner.  Refusing to eat, falling into deep depression, remaining by that favourite chair of the deceased, refusing attempts to play or interact.  Ever so slowly they will die if their spirits cannot be uplifted.

All animals, be it dogs, cats, birds, pet rabbits or ferrets to just name a few, very much need interaction with their human parents.  They need your reassurance that they are loved, cared for, safe and more importantly respected.  As a parent you are responsible for providing their every need.  Their emotional and physical well-being is dependent upon you.  The more time you spend in pleasurable interaction with your animal companion, the stronger the bond, the greater the devotion and of course that unconditional love you will receive.

The Following is a summary of the existing Federal Criminal Code, Animal Cruelty Act: Bill  S-203.  The Criminal Code is the Federal Law that is in force everywhere in Canada and which applies to every person in Canada.

Section 446 of the Federal Criminal Code states:
You are guilty of an offence if you:

a.    willfully cause or allow unnecessary pain, suffering, or injury to an animal;

b.    by willful neglect cause injury to animals while they are being transported;

c.    abandon an animal or fail to provide it with enough suitable food, water, shelter, and care;

d.    participate in any way in the fighting of animals (example: arranging or attending a cockfight or dogfight);

e.    administer a poison or injury-causing drug to any domestic or captive wild animal or allow this to happen (example: poisoning a neighbor’s cat or spraying a dog with oven cleaner);

f.    are involved in any way with the release of captive birds for the purpose of shooting them;

Section 429 of the Federal Criminal Code defines “willful” in the following way:

“If you cause something to happen, either by doing it or by not doing something you should do, and you know what the results will be, you are considered to have done so “willfully”.

Section 446 (c) abandon an animal or fail to provide it with enough suitable food, water, shelter, and care;

(Examples: which may be considered to be a “willful” act:   failing to feed an animal could be, since you know that an animal will starve if it is not fed. Failing to provide proper shelter to protect animal from elements, leaving an animal in a vehicle during hot summer, not providing clean fresh water on a daily basis resulting in dehydration, depriving a sick /injured animal of medical care. Beating and/or abandoning an animal).

Any person found guilty under Section 446 of the Criminal Code can be fined up to $2,000, sentenced to up to 6 months in jail, or both. In addition to this, the Judge can make an order prohibiting that person from having an animal or animals for up to 2 years.

“By definition within the Act:
a) Adequate food means:  providing for sufficient quantities of suitable food to allow for the normal growth and maintenance of normal body weight;  that all food bowls are kept clean/disinfected and located in an area preventing contamination from excreta. “

b)    “Adequate food does not mean:  feeding the animal once a week because an owner may prefer a slim animal.” (An animal whose rib cage, hip bones, back bones can be visibly seen is not being fed properly, thereby constituting willful neglect.)

c)    An animal not being provided with daily ongoing fresh supplies of clean watercan and will suffer from dehydration.  Fresh water does not mean a pool of dirty rainwater or 2-3 week old water left in a slimy bowl or bucket.

d)    Adequate shelter does not mean: “putting up an old canopy in the backyard to keep the animal dry”.  Adequate shelter means:  providing a shelter constructed properly to ensure that the animal is protected from the heat , the dampness and cold; it must be appropriate to climate conditions of the region as well as the “weight and protective outer coat of the animal.”

Section 448 of the Federal Criminal Code states:

“For the purposes of proceedings under paragraph (1)(a) or (b), evidence that a person failed to exercise reasonable care or supervision of an animal or a bird thereby causing it pain, suffering, damage or injury is, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, proof that the pain, suffering, damage or injury was caused or was permitted to be caused wilfully, or was caused by wilful neglect, as the case may be.”   (In other words the state and condition of the animal is proof of willful intent.)

For purposes of this Act, under Section 1(3) “person responsible for an animal” identifies two individual types covered by the Act:

Those that own the animal or individuals who have control or custody of the animal.

Important to note that while some communities within the N.W.T. do have By-Laws pertaining to the standard of care for animals, as well as By-Law Officers whose job it is to enforce these Municipal By-Laws and the current N.W.T. Dog Act (soon to be revised January 2010) it must also be noted that under the current N.W.T. Dog Act: R.C.M.P. are “exacto”.

The following is quoted from a letter submitted to GNWT Justice and MACA Ministers from the Animal Defense League of Canada pertaining to the proposed Amendments to the N.W.T. Dog Act:

8.b)    Discussion Paper: “Scope of the Problem”:
“ to avoid the issue of “wilful intent” the RCMP can lay charges under the Dog Act  which provides as follows: “2.(2)   Members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police are, by virtue of  that office, officers under this Act.  S.N.W.T. 2008, c.8, s.7(2).”

This means that by virtue of the legal authority held by RCMP to uphold all aspects of the Federal Criminal Code including the Federal Cruelty to Animals Act and the N.W.T. Dog Act charges can be laid for violations not only under the Federal Criminal Code but the current N.W.T. Dog Act as well.

Furthermore:
8.a) Discussion Paper:  “Legislative Arrangements”
(paraphrased) Conviction under Criminal Code requires proof of “intent”.  Not so for conviction under “quasi-criminal” legislation.  Therefore the preferred option is to proceed with a charge under the provincial or territorial animal protection legislation, or under a municipal bylaw.”

Recognizing the Signs

Signs of Chronic Stress include:
1)    Depression
2)    Weight loss or poor weight gain
3)    Depleted immune system
4)    Poor Body and Coat condition
5)    Secondary parasites
6)    Reproductive failure

Dehydration :  Sunken Eyes, Loss of Skin Elasticity
a) due to lack of fresh potable water, water withheld, not provided
b) normal bodily processes:  defecation/urination; sweating and respiration
c) abnormal processes:  diarrhea, excessive urination/respiration and vomiting

“70% of total body weight is composed of water”, any  animal/human  suffering Dehydration is, if left untreated, facing a horrific death. All bodily functions depend upon  a proper electrolyte balance. When Cells begin to lose their water content, electrolyte imbalance takes over, the needed H2O oxygen normally circulated by electrolytes becomes depleted, gradually organs begin to shut down.  Left untreated, the animal/human will die.

Starvation: (Underweight, skin and bones, poor coat condition, immune deficit, skeletal structure visible, weak, lethargic) due to the failure to provide proper and adequate nutrition to the animal. This constitutes willful neglect. A horrific and lengthy way to die as the animal’s own system begins to feed on its own muscle tissue and bone marrow.

Quoted from Environment and Natural Resources Website: http://www.enr.gov.nt.ca/_live/pages/wpPages/starvation-malnutrition.aspx
“Starvation or malnutrition occurs when an animal is not able to get the amount of nutrients from food that it needs.”  (Applies to all animals be it wildlife or domestic)

“What are the signs of starvation-malnutrition?”

“Animals may be weak with not much body fat. The skin may appear loose with a dull, rough hair coat. Animals may have humped or sagging backs, sunken eyes, and small tucked up bellies. The bones of the shoulders, ribs, back and hind end may stick out.”

Hypothermia (decreased body temperature): due to lack of proper protection and shelter and extreme climate changes: “Any reduction in body temperatures results in system slow down.  Eventually, the body cannot remove toxic wastes nor produce energy and it ceases to function”.  The very same process in humans.

Hyperthermia (increased body temperatures): due to lack of proper shelter, being left inside vehicles during summer, lack of backyard shade.

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There has been much by way of   emailing between parties with reference to the controversial No Kill Movement, and in addressing the issues and conversation that ensued, I have received permission from Ms. West to copy and paste her response in one of her communiques.    My own comments are made first and I agree wholeheartedly with Ms. West.

Bloggers Comments:

Over population is definitely NOT and animal problem.  It is in fact a HUMAN problem period!  Every single day, in every single town, city and province countless kittens and puppies are born and cats and dogs are either turned into shelters, are found abandoned and dumped.  Why, because educating the masses as well try to do, stressing the need for spay/neuter is being totally ignored by the ignorant, the money hungry and the irresponsible pet owners not only in Canada but elsewhere throughout the US and every country on the Globe.  It is a HUMAN problem.  We see it everyday, and we clean up the mess and horror left behind.

As far as the laws governing companion animals in this country, we all know how archaic and antiquated these laws are, yet each time a new Bill is brought before the House to improve the legislation and declassify animals as mere property, it is voted down by the current government in power.  Further, shelter funding for the most part is not subsidized by provincial or federal funding and often depends solely upon donations.  What municipally owned shelters there are, are dictated to by the municipal bureaucrats who dictate!!

Over burdened shelters, and especially No-Kill Shelters trying so desperately to find forever homes for those in need,  unlicensed back yard breeders, the human failures of spaying and neutering companion animals, the total lack of responsible pet owners and the failure of municipal, provincial and federal government to properly address the issues of inadequate veterinary services in many areas across Canada, the Federal Legislation, the lack of very real animal protection By-Laws within our communities, municipalities and not having enough qualified, fully educated Animal Cruelty Investigators within each SPCA, town, city, municipality and province/territory is also part of the problem.

We need the powers of Seizure to save distressed animals held in the confines of ongoing neglect, disregard and failures to provide the necessities of life.  Here in Canada, we need the powers that are given to SPCA’s within the US.  Here instead we must depend upon the local police forces for seizure and quite honestly folks they have enough on their hands and distressed and abused animals are the last of their concerns.

Major movements within this country and elsewhere, as Sarah has pointed out, must have one focus to be effective Any problem regarding animal welfare is NOT  a single faceted one The No Kill Solution is taking the shelters to task.  This is one of the problems we have with bad shelter management, lack of cooperation with rescues, not socializing dogs and the list goes on!

We have seen the scandals surrounding the OSPCA, my God my computer files are enormous on that particular issue alone.  Then you take into account the Whistler case, that massive slaughter was unnecessary and fueled only by greed and a failure to effectively monitor such operations. The subsequent investigation into the slaughter was too little too late, and the outcome of the judgement issued by the Courts for this mass murder was merely a slap on the wrist.

WE must, support each other.  WE must be united period.  WE must not criticize or judge that which is being done by any one group or organization in their fight to end cruelty to animals in this country or anywhere else period.  Dissention among the troops proves only to make the army very shaky and ineffective.  While one has the right to disagree, and I will defend that right, we all have one common goal and purpose..to save animals.  Since the Federal Government shows total disrespect and total disregard, often branding many of us as ‘terrorists’ if we speak out against the lack of very real Animal Protection, cutting off charitable status to organizations that openly oppose current ridiculous antiquated legislation and policies..we have only each other from which to draw strength and resources.

 

Ms. West writes:

Areas of Focus That must be Addressed Regarding Pet Overpopulation and Animal Cruelty

 

  1. Education and awareness both public the government courts police and the media ( Bonnie is working on this )
  2. Education and awareness both public the government courts police and the media that animals are sentient beings
  3. Education and awareness with regards to THE CAMBRIDGE DECLARATION ( that animals have the same consciousness as we do) yes we all know this but it’s NOT public knowledge and  certainly NOT known and recognized by the public courts government police and media
  4. Education and awareness via humane education in elementary schools ( I am working on getting certified as a humane educator ) for CFAWR
  5. Education and awareness with regards to the Animal Cruelty Syndrome ( for the public courts, government and media)
  6. Getting the TERM “ Companion Animal” listed in our dictionaries and  as  working on getting the use of this TERM in precedence setting legal cases
  7. Debunking the myth that shelter ect are somehow inferior or broken
  8. The destruction of whose who run puppy mills and back yard breeder
  9. Education and awareness regarding the necessity and positives if spaying and neutering
  10. Creating ways to make spaying and neutering ( more accessible and affordable ) for the public  Mobile vets  and subsidised procedures by the veterinary profession for low income citizens
  11. Legislation that bans the sale of puppies and kitten from pet stores ( Canada wide)
  12. Acceptability of TNR programmes by municipalities ( Canada wide)
  13.  Complete transparency and better shelter management by shelters and humane societies ( FOCUS for the NO KILL MOVEMENT) and Bill Bruce the Calgary Model Bonnie also working on this
  14.  Animals removed as property from the Canadian criminal code and PROPER Animal welfare legislation brought into Canada ( CFAWR is trying to work on this tiny step  by tiny step
  15.  Creating and establishing relationships with those MP’s trying to make changes to federal and provincial cruelty legislation ( Peggy Nash Mac Harb Mark Holland ect
  16.  Contraception for cats and dogs Alliance for Contraception in Cats and Dogs
  17. Cohesiveness, elimination of back biting and power struggles inherent in many animal welfare rescuers and groups ( animal advocacy underground)
  18. Animal advocacy volunteer training/ support regarding education speaking with media, animal care and networking for animals in need

 

If we have groups and movements taking on any of these’ issues of this multi-faceted program…. it is a good thing!   No one group can do it all and we cannot criticize each other if any one of us feel that something is fundamentally wrong with a specific group then don’t work with them  Keep doing what you are doing, but I feel other than that we must work together as Bonnie says.

 

Think about this list above.  This is a huge problem  almost beyond comprehension but we can neither be “ overwhelmed” or critical.  All efforts are helping and the No Kill movement may be doing some things you don’t like  but the fact that Nathan Winograd has started this is a good thing.  Many animals lives have been saved by his movement and that is a good thing regardless. I for one glad am he is on the ground fighting back with the No Kill Movement

All of us have to pick one focus and working on creating a dove- tail relationships with others who have a different  mandate and focus! It is out of “ combined” efforts that will and do make a difference for all the animals we care for so deeply.

 

We can’t change other countries but we can all come together to do what we can for Canada and her animals and creatures, wild, marine, stray ,farm and companion.

 

Sincerely

 

Sarah West Founder/President

Canadians For Animal Welfare Reform (CFAWR) www.cfawr.org

Contact us via cfawr@telus.net  

Follow us on Twitter

Canadian Ambassador World Animal Day

 

 

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